One major concern at Pompeii is that by excavation and revealing the building ruins, we've exposed them to the destructive forces of nature. The House of the Faun occupies an entire city block and has two atria (chief rooms), four triclinia (dining rooms), and two large peristyle gardens. Reconstructed Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium of the House of the Faun, Pompeii. The House of the Faun was a large estate comprising one whole block in Pompeii; this is an area of about 3,000 square meters. A peristyle is a large open atrium surrounded by columns. in place of an older construction. (2020, August 29). The wall frescoes above these pavements is the largest surviving example of the false marble panelling characteristic of the The House of the Faun was built in the 2nd century BC during the Samnite period (180 BC). The house was a residence for an elite family and it took up a whole city block, with an interior of some 3,000 square meters (nearly 32,300 square feet). The room styles at the House of the Faun fit the typology of Greek elite houses described by the Roman architect Vitruvius (80–15 BCE), rather than those typical of Roman houses. Its facade is built of fine-grained gray tufa from Nuceria, the chief building material of this period. The House of the Faun, situated on the north side of the Via della Fortuna (pictured below), is named after the statue of a dancing faun found there. The House of the Faun was named after the bronze statue of the dancing faun that was located in the centre of the impluvium. ThoughtCo. Hirst, K. Kris. The walls are decorated… First Pompeian Style. There is evidence, most notably in the eastern walls of the tetrastyle atrium, that after the great earthquake in AD 62, the House of the Faun was rebuilt and/or repaired; and the building was used again until the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. high angle view of house of the faun statue on tiled floor - house of the faun stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Sarah Lamb and Carlos Acosta perform in the Royal Ballet's production "Afternoon of a Faun" at the Royal Opera House, in London. The House of the Faun [Smith, Carolyn] on Amazon.com. House of the faun 1. The statue is set in the so-called 'Tuscan' atrium. House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno) is a large residence in Pompeii that was constructed on a site of an older dwelling that dated back to the 3rd century BC. It is one of the most luxurious aristocratic houses from the Roman republic, and reflects this peri Other damage was caused by the 1980 earthquake. The peristyle's columns were added later and were at one point altered from Ionic style to Doric style. The Houses most distinctive aspect was that it had a private side, and a public side with two entrances, Atrium's, Peristylium's,and Triclinium's. The Alexander mosaic used approximately 4 million tesserae. House of the Faun The name of the house comes from a beautiful bronze statue of a faun, a roman divinity related to woods and nature. Mosaic. [2] There is evidence, most notably in the eastern walls of the tetrastyle atrium, that after the great earthquake in AD 62, the House of the Faun was rebuilt and/or repaired;[3] and the building was used again until the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. If you look north of the dancing faun you'll see a roped off mosaic floor backed by an eroded wall. They certainly did. Scholars long debated whether house of Faun is two houses merged together or a unified plan, the reason for this being that the house of the faun had two atriums and two Peristylum. A Roman atrium is a rectangular open-air court, sometimes paved and sometimes with an interior basin for catching rainwater, called an impluvium. The smallest, which is the one you can see over the wall, was about 65 feet (20 meters) east/west by 23 ft (7 m) north/south. - Private buildings - The house of the Faun is a private building as it is a house - Everyday life - The house of the Faun demonstrates that, for some people of Pompeii, everyday life was a little different as the house included its own personal bathing facilities, slave quarters and shop fronts. And we see a view, a part of Pompeii over here with a series of houses marked in yellow. Alexander Mosaic, c. 100 B.C.E., Roman copy of a lost Greek painting, House of the Faun, Pompeii, c. 315 B.C.E., Hellenistic Period (Archaeological Museum, Naples) The Iconic Light of Geometric Relationships. [7], The Alexander Mosaic is complemented by other floor mosaics with Nilotic scenes and theatrical masks. Fauns, which are spirits of untamed woodland, were often connected to Pan and Greek satyrs by Romans, or followers of the Greek god of wine and agriculture, Dionysus. The House of the Faun has two of these. In the lower register, two ducks feed next to an assortment of seafood. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. Detail of a mosaic originally located in the House of the Faun, Pompeii - Detail of: 'The Battle of Issus' Roman Mosaic. It is a purely decorative sculpture of a high order: "the pose is light and graceful," Kenneth Clark observed,[4] the modeling well understood, the general sense of movement admirably sustained," though he missed in its suavity the stimulus of sharper contrasts to be found in Renaissance nudes. Large Peristyle, House of the Faun, Pompeii. [1], Today visitors can still explore the remains of the House of the Faun in modern Pompeii, along Via di Nola. The House of the Faun is named after a small bronze statue of a faun, which stands in the center of a small pool in the center of the house. The Tuscan atrium is floored with a layer of plain black mortar, and in the center of it is a strikingly white limestone impluvium. A late 2nd Century BCE Roman mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii, Italy. Although the eruption was devastating, the layers of ash covering the city preserved artworks, like the mosaicsof the House of the Faun, which would have otherwise been likely destroyed o… This peristyle, which measures some 65x82 ft (20x25 m) square, had the bones of two cows in it when it was excavated in the 1830s. Overall rating. Find a Lower Price? "House of the Faun at Pompeii - Pompeii's Richest Residence." The impluvium—a basin for collecting rainwater—is paved with a pattern of colored limestone and slate. [3] The focus of the decoration of the house, the Alexander mosaic, is placed on the central visual axis between the first and second peristyles, in a room referred to as an exedra. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. Choose from more than 6,000 properties, ideal house rentals for families, groups and couples. [1] The servants’ quarters were dark and cramped, and there was not much furniture. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What people are saying about House of the Faun. The house of the Faun, as you can see from your monument list, dates to the Second Century BC for the most part. There are 5 ways to get from Naples to House of the Faun by train, bus, taxi or car. It also has two atriums, the Tuscan and the peristyle atrium. Reconstructed Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium. or Hail to you! From the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, in Italy. It might seem a bit odd to complain about the damaging effects of rain, wind, and tourists on the ruins of Pompeii, but the volcanic eruption which dropped a heavy ashfall killing many of the residents preserved the houses for us for some 1,750 years. Find out more Opens in … We'll Refund the Difference! Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.Republican Roman. Greek painting has so far been discussed only in terms of pottery decoration because little remains of paintings in other mediums. The House of the Faun was built in the 2nd century BC during the Samnite period (180 BC). Several other floor mosaics having theatrical masks and Niloti… The fact that the mosaic is in Latin, rather than the local languages Oscan or Samnian, is interesting because if the archaeologists are right, this house was built before the Roman colonization of Pompeii when Pompeii was still a backwater Oscan/Samnian town. Visit our website www.ifilmati.comThe famous House of the Faun of Pompeii. [6] Unlike most Pompeian pavements of the late second and early first centuries, this mosaic is made of tesserae, and not the more common opus signinum, or other kinds of stone chips set in mortar. Essentially, a peristyle is an open space surrounded by columns. The entrance is decorated by the Latin message “HAVE”, a greeting both for meeting and parting. Peristyle Garden, House of the Faun, Giorgio Sommer Photograph. Although scholars are somewhat divided about the exact dates, it is likely that the first construction of the House of the Faun as it is today was built about 180 BCE. The house of the Faun was a Roman Domus, but on a much larger scale. The style of mosaic used to recreate this historic battle of Alexander the Great defeating the Persians in 333 BCE, is called opus vermiculatum or "in the style of worms." The House of the Faun was nearly completely excavated by Italian archaeologist Carlo Bonucci between October 1831 and May 1832, which is in a way too bad—because modern techniques in archaeology could tell us quite a bit more than they could have 175 years ago. The reconstruction of this peristyle includes a formal garden; the owners may or may not have had a formal garden here when it was in use. The House of the Faun covers nearly 3000 square metres and occupies an entire city block, or insula. Roman scholar Mary Beard points out that it's a bit of a pun that the richest house in Pompeii would use the English word "Have" for a welcome mat. Casa del Fauno, or The House of the Faun is an extremely famous house named after a little bronze statue of a dancing faun found in the centre of its Impluvium. The detailed floor plan shown in the image was published by German archaeologist August Mau in 1902, and it is somewhat out of date, particularly with reference to the identification of the purposes of the smaller rooms. Additionally, the house contained an entrance passage, a number of bedrooms (cubicula), dining rooms (triclinia) for both the summer and winter, a reception room (oecus), and an office (tablinum). The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), was built in the 2nd century BC.It was a large private home in Pompeii, Italy.It has many great works of art. This mosaic may be inspired by or copied from a Greek painting finished in the late fourth century BC,[1] probably by the artist Philoxenus of Eretria. Later, Roman patrons greatly admired Greek murals and commissioned copies, as either wall paintings The bronze statue of a dancing faun is what gives the House of the Faun its name—and it is located where it would have been seen by people peering in the main doorway of the House of the Faun. The House of the Faun contained the Alexander Mosaic, depicting the Battle of Issus in 333 BC between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. The statue at the House of the Faun ruins is a copy; the original is in the Archaeological Museum of Naples. Plan of the House of the Faun (August Mau 1902). https://www.thoughtco.com/house-of-the-faun-at-pompeii-169650 (accessed January 23, 2021). The House of the Faun was the largest and most expensive residence in ancient Pompeii, and today it is the most visited of all the houses in the famous ruins of the ancient Roman city on Italy's western coast. • Built 2nd century BC – (300 yrs old at the time of the eruption) • Area – … Entryway Mosaic, House of the Faun at Pompeii. Just to illustrate how the house has changed in the last century, this is a photograph of essentially the same location as the previous one, taken about 1900 by Giorgio Sommer. The size is comparable to eastern Hellenistic palaces—and scholars consider it a modified Hellenistic style rather than Roman because of its organization and layout. It was made using tiny (about .15 of an inch and under 4 mm) cut pieces of colored stones and glass, called "tesserae," set in worm-like rows and placed into the floor. The two atria are the open rectangles at the front of the building (on the left side of this image)—the one with the "Dancing Faun" that gives the House of the Faun its name is the upper one. Some small changes were made over the next 250 years, but the house remained pretty much as it was constructed until August 24, 79 CE, when Vesuvius erupted, and the owners either fled the city or died with other residents of Pompeii and Herculaneum. [9] The house features beautiful peristyle gardens, the second of which was created as a stage to host recitations, mimes, and pantomimes. Covering a total surface area of about three thousand square metres, this building occupies a whole insula (block) and is certainly one of the largest and most sumptuous houses in Pompeii. Its entrance lies in Via della Fortuna. I wasn't disappointed. The House of the Faun was the largest and most expensive residence discovered in the ruins of Pompeii.It provides insight into life during the Roman Empire. 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